If you find yourself making constant repairs around the house, or worrying whether your home’s ready for the winter, then this is the guide for you.This guide includes general house maintenance tips that could save your roof, foundations, and other vital parts of your home.As well as the high priority tasks, there are a lot of tips for general upkeep of your garage, air conditioning, garbage disposal, and aspects you could cost yourself a fortune by overlooking.
In this guide, I’m going to show you 41 home maintenance tips and tricks you can’t ignore if you want your home to stay structurally sound, maintain low running costs, and retain its full value.Let’s go!
Vital home maintenance tips that could save your life
The most drastic outcome when you ignore home maintenance is that you put your life and your home’s structural integrity in danger.In this section, I’m going to go through the vital tips you need to know and take action on.
Test your sump pump to avoid flooding
Sump pumps are often found in basements, and are the last line of defense against floods, condensation build-up and water from drains. Unless you’re happy to end up with a flooded basement or damaged foundation, you need to test the pump at least every 6 months.Here’s how:
- Remove debris from the outside pipe
- Restart the pump so to test if it’s running (unplug and plug it back in)
- Pour water into the sump crock and ensure the pump starts running and pumps the water away
For extra protection, consider getting an automatic leak detector.
Clean your window wells to avoid breakage from water pressure
Window wells are great for letting natural light into your basement and providing ventilation. They also keep soil away from your window fixtures, but they can put your basement at risk if they’re not looked after.
Leaves and other debris can clog the drainage pipe, and after extended rainfall, the water pressure against your basement window will be intense.If you don’t clean the drainage, the water pressure can smash the glass and pour gallons of water inside. So, make sure you’re using a shorthanded shovel, a snake, or just your hands to pull out any blockages from the pipe.
Check for mice nests near wiring
It’s not fun to have mice living with you, regardless of where they are. However, when they nest in places like your A/C units, garden machinery, and near electrical wiring, it can be disastrous.
Make sure to check for mice in your home, or risk electrical faults and fires. Here’s how:
Clean your dryer vents and avoid a house fire
Every time you use your dryer, you’re adding a little bit of lint to the vent. This means the dryer is less efficient at cooling down, and will take longer to dry your clothes. But it also turns dryers into fire hazards.
Remove the vent at the back of the dryer, and vacuum the area. Alternatively, use a cleaning kit like this to make sure you’re maintaining this vital part of your home.
Protect yourself against termites
Termites pose a considerable risk to wooden homes, and without the proper precautions you could find yourself stepping out onto your porch and falling through it, or even finding out your entire home’s foundation has rotted away.
Termites can’t survive sunlight, so the most likely places you’ll find them is in your basement. Go down there and use a spray can of foam to plug any gaps where they could get in, then take a flashlight and screwdriver to inspect the wood for signs of damage. Poke the wood with a screwdriver and check for weaknesses. If the wood is flaky or rotting, you might already have a problem that needs professional attention or a DIY solution.
Replace the batteries in smoke and carbon monoxide detectors
Twice a year, change the batteries in each detector. To be safe, you should have at least one of each type of detector on each level of your home. If you’re prone to forget this task, change the batteries when you change your clocks for daylight savings time.
Don’t rely on the automatic beeping to tell you when to change the batteries. After replacement, be sure to hold the test button down for 15-20 seconds after changing, so you can hear whether or not the battery is faulty.
Make sure your fire extinguisher is working
I’m not saying to set it off, but you do need to inspect it with a few things in mind. According to Allstate, you should make sure:
- The fire extinguisher is accessible
- The safety seals are intact
- The pressure gauge is within normal parameters
- There’s no damage to the extinguisher (e.g. corrosion, dents, leakage)
- You’re documenting your inspections
…Because the last thing you want is your dryer to start a fire, your smoke alarm not to detect it, then your fire extinguisher to fail.
Clean your chimneys yearly
You’re lucky to have a home with a wood-burning fireplace — don’t let it become a danger. A buildup of dirt, birds nests or objects ending up in your chimney can easily catch fire and burn your house down. Not to mention, a chimney that doesn’t efficiently air the house out can cause a build-up of smoke or deadly carbon monoxide.
Don’t try and do this yourself. Instead, hire a chimney sweep. They can inspect your chimney and tell you if it even needs to be cleaned. Better safe than sorry.
Simple home maintenance tips that save you money
When you’ve got the life-threatening issues out of the way, it’s time to make your home into the most efficient living space it can be! Here you’re going to check that your appliances and fixtures aren’t wasting heat and energy.
Regularly clean refrigerator coils
Over time, all kinds of dust, grease, and dirt get stuck to the coils behind your refrigerator. It makes your appliance inefficient at best, dangerous at worst.
The coils are what your fridge uses to cool down, so if they are insulated, the fridge will have to work harder to get colder, or overheat.The best way to clean the coils is with a vacuum cleaner. Unplug the fridge, pull it away from the wall and find the coils. They should be either behind a metal plate at the back, or behind the fridge under a grill lower down. They look like this:
Use the brush attachment of your vacuum, and work the grime away without forcing it. Use a cloth to gently wipe them down to catch anything the vacuum missed.There you go! Enjoy lower running costs and the reduced risk of a house fire.
Bleed your radiators every year
Don’t trust your radiators to maintain themselves! It’s likely they will need bleeding each winter to ensure they’re running at full efficiency. Bleeding a radiator gets the excess air out, and means the radiator can get warmer with less power consumption.
To bleed a radiator, release the valve and hold a rag underneath it to catch drips. You should hear air seeping out. When the sound stops, tighten the valve up.
Keep your gutters in top condition
Cleaning the gutters out is something no one really wants to do, but it can save you money on replacement gutters, and even on repairing roof damage.Clogged gutters can overflow and break, and put strain on the roof itself. In the winter, they can fill with ice that causes thawing damage or strains the material.You can get special gutter cleaning tools, or do it the old fashioned way:
- Put on a long-sleeved top and rubber gloves
- Steady the ladder against the side of the house
- Scoop the dirt out with a small shovel
- Dump it onto a tarp, not your lawn
- Flush the gutters out with a hose
Note: don’t bother with gutter guards. They can make your gutters impossible to clean. It’s not worth it!
Seal leaky doors and windows
Outwards facing windows and doors are prone to damage from the elements, which could cause the seals around the frames to rot away. When this happens, you’ll have a much tougher time heating your home because the heat will slowly seep away. If you’re waking up every morning to a freezing house, you’ll want to make this your number one priority. Even if you’re not, it’s well worth checking.
Have you found that the plastic seals around your windows and doors have withered? Your best bet is to replace it. It can be done quickly and cheaply:
Clean your range’s hood filter
Depending on how much frying you do, hood filters can get clogged with thick grease quickly. In order to stop the grease getting inside the range itself, filters are designed to trap grease. If yours is doing it’s job correctly, expect to see something pretty awful…This isn’t the kind of cleaning you can do with a wet cloth, either. You’re going to need an agent to break down the grease. Here’s how you clean it:
- Pop the filter out
- Fill a bucket with boiling water
- Squirt in dish soap, and pour a 1/4 cup of baking soda
- Stir the bucket, then submerge the filter for 10 minutes
- Remove, scrub clean, and leave to dry
With a fresh hood filter, your range will extract steam and grease more efficiently, saving you money and possible replacement costs for the range.
Run water through your fixtures
When toilets and sinks aren’t used regularly, grime can build up in the pipes and faucets. If you have a bathroom you don’t use very often, make sure to run water through the systems at least once a quarter to keep the flow coming smoothly and reduce future clogging.
Check air filters at least once a month
Changing your HVAC air filters regularly can cut energy bills by 5-15%! Plus, if you live in an area with lousy air quality or pollution, you need to keep the filters fresh to stay safe.
Swapping out filters is easy. There’s no cleaning to be done, so just take the old one out, dispose of it, then slot the new one in its place.
Give your HVAC a complete tune-up
Make sure you AC is functioning at peak capacity by getting an HVAC tune-up at least once a year.You might not know exactly if and when you need this, so it’s safest to schedule it annually in advance or risk your unit breaking down on the hottest day of the year.
Inspect your boiler for damage and proper pressure
When materials heat up and cool down as often as boilers, they’re prone to wear. Make sure to check your boiler annually in the following ways:
- Make sure there are no holes or cracks in your boiler’s vent connection pipe and chimney
- Check for water leakage
- Ensure the pressure is within normal parameters (this information comes with the boiler)
Another tip is to run your boiler at least once a month, even in summer. This way, you keep it efficient.
Keep your garbage disposal running smoothly
Since you throw all kinds of junk into your garbage disposal, it’s only logical it’ll need a little care and attention on a regular basis.After use, make sure to always run the machine with cold water for a minute with dish soap inside. Cold water will help solidify any grease so it can be chopped up before hitting the trap.
As well as this minor periodic maintenance, you’ll need to make an effort to properly upkeep the unit. An easy way to do this is to toss a lemon or an orange into the disposal once or twice a month. The citric acid from the fruit helps break up any buildups of grease, and, as an added bonus, it smells great.
If the garbage disposal is giving off a particularly nasty smell, just pour 4 tablespoons of Borax down the drain and leave it to sit for an hour or so before rinsing with hot water.
Top up your water softener
Unlike many appliances, water softeners are low maintenance. All you need to do is to keep them topped up with high-quality salt (e.g. not course rock salt).
During hot weather or when it’s warm inside, water softeners tend to form what are called salt bridges. This is when a layer of salt hardens inside the machine. Using quality salt should avoid this issue in the future, but if you’re experiencing it now, simply break up the layer of salt with something you can poke into the tank.
Check your toilet cistern for leaks
Leaks account for 12% of all water use in America, and it’s often the toilet that’s at fault. If you want to save on your water bill try this:
- Remove the lid on the tank
- Drip 10 drops of food coloring into the tank
Replace the lid
- After 15 minutes, look in the bowl
Is the water in the bowl food-colored? If so, you’ve got a leak and need to replace the flapper.Here’s how to fix it:
- Turn off the water supply by turning the valve located behind the toilet
- Remove the lid and flush
- Mop out excess water with a sponge
- Remove the chain from the lever
- Slide the faulty flapper up and off the overflow tube.
- Replace the flapper, re-hook the chain, turn on the water and test again
Seasonal home maintenance tips
Depending on the weather, there are a variety of tasks that might need your attention at any given time. What I’ve listed so far are jobs you can do regardless of the season. Now it’s time to take a look at what you need to do each season. It sounds like a lot of work, but you’ll get into the routine and it’ll become top of mind in no time.
Winter home maintenance tips
Winter is one of the most serious threats to your home. If you don’t prepare for it, you can have problems with your roof, windows, and heating systems. Let’s look at how to keep your home running properly in the winter months, and how to prevent spending more money on energy than you have to.
Check your locks and seals
Open and close all windows and doors. When you secure the lock, is there any gap between the seals? A good way to check is to trap a $1 bill between the seals, lock it, and then try to pull the bill out. If it slips out easily, there’s enough of a gap to leak the heat out, and you may need to either replace the lock or the seals.
To tell which part is the problem, firmly grab the handle and try to wiggle the door or window in its frame. If it moves, you may need to replace the locks, which should be tasked to a professional windows and doors fitting company.
Note: you can also use the $1 bill method on your fridge to check if the seal has loosened over time!
Remove icicles and ice dams
When it snows and your gutters fill with meltwater, they’re going to run over. As the water runs over, it freezes and creates icicles. Your interior heat will melt the snow from further up your roof and supply the ice dam this creates with even more fuel, eventually creating a heavy block of ice all around your guttering.
Icicles can tear off your gutters, rip your shingles, and cause serious harm to anyone unlucky enough to get caught underneath them as they fall.In the long-term, if you’re getting ice dams, you need to see it as a problem with your home’s insulation. If your heating reaches the top of the roof and starts melting snow, it’s time to get better insulation.
Short term, you just need a way to smash them off the side of your roof without causing any further damage. For this it’s recommended to use a roof rake like this.
Pay attention to your handles and knobs
Focusing on the interior of your home (once the icicles have stopped destroying your gutters), winter’s now the time to make repairs to your interior. If any loose handles or knobs on cabinets have been bothering you, it’s time to sort that out.Often it’s just a case of using the right screwdriver on the opposite side of the knob to tighten it up. Firmly grip the handle to avoid it spinning, and tighten the screws up.
Handles and knobs are the kinds of things that annoy you every time you use them, but you never decide to fix it. Now’s the time!
For obvious reasons, winter’s not the time to paint your exterior or work in the garden. It’s the best time to clean the place up. If you keep a regular cleaning schedule, you’ll only need to do a deep clean once a year, anyway.When I say deep clean, I mean areas like behind the TV, under the cabinets, and anywhere else that doesn’t get touched when you do a cursory vacuuming and dusting.
A guide to deep cleaning your entire house would be another post entirely, so get a checklist for deep cleaning to make sure you clean sustainably and thoroughly.
Test your electricity
If your heating runs on electricity, the last thing you want in the winter months is for it to be so cold you’re seeing your own breath.It’s too cold to work outside, so take the opportunity to schedule a little electrical maintenance. Make sure the main service panel isn’t sparking, and inspect the breaker wires for bad insulation and discoloration. See this video for more information:
You can use a multimeter to test power flow through just about any kind of electrical circuitry. Extension cords, wall sockets, you name it.If you don’t have a multimeter, they only cost around $20 and can save you a ton of headaches. Use the tool to test your appliances, including the power flow through any type of heating systems you may have.
While you’re at it, it’s time to test your ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI). To do this, just press the test button and use a multimeter to check there’s zero power flowing through.
Spring home maintenance tips
Spring is often the time where you finally get to take care of any outdoor home upkeep tasks and assess the damage done by winter. Just like how we all take time to do something outdoors as soon as the weather’s good enough, spring is a reminder that there’s still a yard and a roof under all that snow, and it needs your attention.
Check your roof after the winter
Spring is the time when you’re most likely going to notice damage from the winter elements affecting your home. Get your ladder, and start inspecting the roof for broken or warped shingles and cracks.
Now it’s pleasant to be outside, replace any worn shingles or guttering in preparation for next winter.
Clean your ceiling fan blades
When you fire up your ceiling fan to cool down the house this season, don’t let it accidentally cover your home in dust. Clean it, like this:
- First, spread an old sheet on the floor to catch any dirt you wipe off
- Spray an old pillowcase with a mixture of water and two tablespoons of distilled white vinegar
- Wrapping each blade with the pillowcase, slide off the grime then wipe with a dry cloth
Alternatively, you can get a ceiling fan duster for $14.
Remove dead plants and weeds
In the Spring, when you’re planting new greenery and getting your garden ready to bloom for the summer, you first want to clear out all the dead plants and weeds.Weeds compete with your garden for nutrients and water, so can end up stunting the growth of the rest of your plants. Dead greenery could have died because of a disease, so needs removing as soon as possible to ensure it doesn’t spread.When removing weeds and dead plants, it’s important not to add them to your compost pile. The weeds could still pollinate, and any diseases the dead plants have could spread.
Rake fallen twigs and leaves into a pile along with any dug-up dead plants and weeds, and arrange to have the waste taken away to the dump.This is also a good time to prune your plants, trim away dead leaves, and keep your yard in great shape for next season.
Trim away plant overgrowth
With the dead plants and weeds gone, it’s time to focus on the overgrowth. It’s not safe to have tree branches growing too close to your home, or to be within range of power lines.
Carefully remove any tree branches that are closer than 5 feet away from your home. Otherwise, they can conduct extra moisture to your roof and cause damp. This also deters raccoons and squirrels from nesting.
Keep in mind that when trimming a tree, you need to be careful. Recklessly trimming branches could mean you kill the tree altogether, so follow this guide:
- Cut a small notch cut along line #1
- Cut the branch off at line #2
- Finally, leaving 1-2 inches of room, make a full cut along line #3
The first cut stops the bark splitting and making the other cuts difficult. The second relieves the strain allowing you to make an easy incision in the right place.Don’t cut the branch off right at the trunk. It makes it hard for the tree to recover, and will end up making a rotten hole in the side of the tree.
Repair window screen damage
Window screens can easily get torn, but as long as the frame is in good condition, it’s easy to make repairs.
- Using a flathead screwdriver, pry the old screen out
- Lay the new screen over the frame, leaving an inch overhang
Cut each overlapping corner at a 45-degree angle
- Using a screen rolling tool, push the overlapping material into the frame
- Use a utility blade to trim the excess
Summer home maintenance tips
Ah, what a great time to be outside. Assuming it’s not extremely humid and unbearable outside, the summer is the time for working outside in the garden. Check back through the article to the section about cleaning your windows wells, if you didn’t already do that. And make sure to bookmark this article for future seasons because it’s useful all year long.
Clean your decking
When it comes to cleaning your patio or decking, the pressure washer is tool #1. You can use it to blast away all kinds of dirt and grime, leaving you with a surface that looks as good as the day you laid it in.
While you’re pressure-washing, pay attention to any parts of the decking that need repairs. If you have had a history of termites (refer back further up the page if you’re still having issues), there might be loose planks. For patios, perhaps some of the paving stones are cracked. In these cases, it’s wise to contact the supplier where you got the materials from to get some backups. You can expect the materials to degrade over time.Check here for a guide on cleaning your wood decking, and here for a guide on patio maintenance.
Clean out the garage
The dreaded phrase, ‘clean the garage’ is something that strikes fear into the heart of many-a hoarding human. The garage is the traditional resting place for the bulk of life’s useless objects, including empty paint cans and copious amounts of ancient newspapers.
Since summer is the time where it’s actually bearable to be out in an unheated area, go ahead and throw all that garbage in the trash. If you’ve been cultivating the classic garage trash pile for decades, you might even need to hire a junk removal professional. Don’t worry about it — a clean garage will take a load off your mind. Here’s a quick checklist:
- Empty the garage of everything that can be trashed
- Clean the items that are staying (yes, that does mean dusting off the half-empty paint cans)
- Take your broom, and sweep the dust away
- Pressure-wash the floor
- Wipe the door knobs, door opener, shelving, etc.
- Open the door and leave it to dry
Get a complete garage cleaning checklist with extra detail here.
Test your garage door’s auto-reverse
While you’re in the garage, now’s a good time to check the automatic door. If your reverse setting doesn’t work properly, it can be dangerous — especially if you have children around. Inspect US recommends putting a tube of cardboard underneath the door and closing it. If the door crumples the cardboard at all, the force is too great.[graphic needed here]
To fix it, check out your owner’s manual. You might find the mechanism can be re-calibrated quickly, or you might find you need to contact a service company.
Check your home’s exterior drainage
You have drainage problems if:
- Your gutters overflow
- The flow of water from your downspouts isn’t regular
- There are water damage stains in your basement
- There’s mildew in the attic
Mildew and water damage issues are symptomatic of your drainage system not carrying water far enough away from your home. If water is left to seep back into the foundations, your basement and attic can start to show signs of damp.
To fix the drainage in your yard, try extending your downspout and cleaning your gutter (covered in this article). If these don’t fix it, you can try to install a French drain. A French drain is a perforated pipe installed 2 feet deep in your garden, preferably in a low point where groundwater collects. The pipe is surrounded by gravel, which water can permeate. Instead of turning your yard into a swamp, groundwater will run through the pipe and drain into the soil that slopes away from your home.
Paint your exterior while it’s dry outside
If you’re looking to paint your exterior, choose a time that’s dry, but not too hot. Before diving into it, make sure to check the paint on a small, inconspicuous section of your wall. There’s nothing worse than painting an entire side of a house before realizing you’ve made a mistake.
- Before painting, use a pressure washer to remove all the grime. You don’t want to be painting dirt into the new wall
- Patch all cracks and inconsistencies
- Work your way from the top of the wall either horizontally or vertically depending on the siding
- After painting the walls, move onto the trim, window frames and, if necessary, porch and deck
Fall home maintenance
Home maintenance in fall time is all about preparing your home for the winter, and getting the last bits of work done outside before it gets too cold.Use the below checklist to make sure your home is in the best condition to face the harshness of winter.
Winterize your heating system
You’re going to need to prepare your furnace for the extra burst of heat your home will need in the winter months.That means:
- Change the furnace filter. This keeps your air clean and your heating efficient.
- Check air registers. Make sure you’re not closing more than 30-40% of them at any time.
- Inspect the furnace. Look for dents, loose parts, and a blue pilot light.
Now’s a good time to stock up on extra filters, too.
Flush your water heater
Every year, you should flush your water heater to remove sediment build-up. This keeps running costs down and reduces the risk of a breakdown.
- Turn your heater off at the breaker
- Turn off the cold water valve to your heater
- Turn on the hot water flow from a faucet
- Attach a hose to the heater’s drain valve
- Run the hose into a bucket
- Open the drain valve, and repeat until the bucketed water is clear, not cloudy
When you’ve done this, your heater will be as good as new!
Divert water drainage away from the foundation
If you live in a snowy area, you can expect winter to be the time where your drainage system and gutters takes the most strain because of melting snow. Water that’s constantly run into the ground near your home’s foundations can cause structural issues, so make sure to divert your drainpipes away from the foundations by at least 3 feet.
Pick up a downspout extension from Home Depot for as little as $9.
Clear fall leaves and debris from your yard
During the fall, your yard can become totally covered in leaves. They can look pretty, but they quickly degrade and turn your carefully-cultivated grass into a big patch of dirt.
Using a leaf blower, regularly clear your yard out of leaves, branches, and other debris you might find there.
- Clear obstructions from your yard
- Remove other people from the yard
- Check your local ordinances for laws on noise
- Using a side-to-side motion, blow leaves into a pile
If you have a large yard and regularly deal with leaves, consider getting a backpack model leaf blower for maximum efficiency.
Winterize your outdoor faucets
As winter approaches, you’ll not be needing your outdoor faucets as often. Plus, freezing weather can put strain on metal. Follow this checklist to get it right:
- Disconnect all hoses from faucets
- Turn off the water supply from inside the house
- Drain excess water from all faucets
If you forgot to do this and are already experiencing problems, use a heat gun or hairdryer to thaw the faucet out before proceeding.
Inspect your driveway for cracks
After the winter, you might find that the snow and ice’s freeze-thaw action on your driveway has cracked the paving, like this:
To avoid making the problem worse, it’s best to fix it now before another winter sets in.
Owning a house is wonderful, but it doesn’t come without the responsibility of home maintenance tasks. In this article, we put together a comprehensive list of home maintenance tips, but we wouldn’t expect you to remember all of them. For your convenience, our team has created a home maintenance checklist that you can download and use to make sure you’re taking great care of your property on an annual basis.